A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2003-2004 in Martinique (Escal), with the aim of analyzing the nutritional status and dietary intakes of the population aged 16 and over. Food intakes were collected by two 24-hour recalls at one-month intervals, following a random selection of households to be included.
In Mayotte, the main objectives of the NutriMay study, carried out in 2006, were to investigate the food consumption, physical activity and nutritional status of the population, with a particular focus on children under 5 and women of childbearing age. After random selection of households, socio-demographic and physical activity data were collected using face-to-face questionnaires. Dietary intakes were estimated by two 24-hour recalls one month apart. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were also taken.
In Guadeloupe and Martinique, the “Kannari: santé, nutrition et exposition au chlordécone aux Antilles” study was carried out in 2013-2014. Following a random selection of individuals aged 11 and over based on a three-stage sample design (blocks, households, individuals), those included answered a questionnaire on their state of health at home, face-to-face, and then, by telephone, two 24-hour reminders on non-consecutive days. Biological samples were taken from adults aged 18 and over.
In 2019, the Unono Wa Maore survey conducted in Mayotte aimed at gaining a better understanding of the health status of the population living in Mayotte, and to estimate vaccination coverage for children under 2. The survey includes various components common to all Baromètres Santé surveys, as well as components specific to Mayotte. One section focuses in particular on diet and chronic diseases. A representative sample of 4,000 people aged between 15 and 69 and between 2,000 and 2,500 children under the age of 15 is targeted for this study.
More information on the Escal, NutriMay and Kannari studies: https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/determinants-de-sante/nutrition-et-activite-physique/articles/surveillance-nutritionnelle-en-outre-mer
More information on the Unono Wa Maore study: https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/etudes-et-enquetes/l-enquete-unono-wa-maore